Miami’s Pioneer Doctor, James M. Jackson


The office of Dr. James M Jackson. Photo courtesy of  the State Archives of Florida.

 A single antiquated home sits on 190 S.E. 12th Terrace in the Brickell area of Miami, nestled among towering skyscrapers. This one-story structure was once the medical office and surgical clinic of Dr. James M. Jackson, a pioneer of Miami’s early medical community. Dr. Jackson began his Miami medical career in March of 1896 when Henry Flagler hired him as the physician in residence for Florida East Coast Railroad. In addition to his responsibilities as the railroad physician, Dr. Jackson was also appointed Miami’s first public Health Officer in May of 1896. He later established the Miami City Board of Health.


Photo of Dr. James M Jackson pictured on the right seated on the porch of his office. Photo courtesy of  the State Archives of Florida.

In 1899, an outbreak of yellow fever devastated parts of North Florida and Key West. Dr. Jackson quarantined Miami, and kept a significant number of residents safe from the illness. On April 2, 1924, Dr. Jackson died of a lung infection. After his death, the Miami City Hospital was renamed Jackson Memorial Hospital in his honor.


Jackson Memorial Hospital. Photo courtesy of  the State Archives of Florida.

 In 1975, the office of Dr. James M. Jackson was listed in the National Register of Historic Places. This building’s wide porches are supported by Doric columns and exemplifies the adaptation of the Neo-Classical design to Miami’s sub-tropical climate. Today, the office of Dr. Jackson serves as the headquarters of the Dade Heritage Trust, Inc.

Ursa Gil-

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